Recent Perspectives: Brain Drain, Brain Gain and Diaspora Africans

 


More than Just Sending Money Home: Engaging the Diaspora as a Priority for Africa’s Development. In Foresight Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2013. Anne W. Kamau and Mwangi S. Kimenyi. Africa Growth Initiative, Brookings Institution. January 2013.

Af­rica’s large diaspora has mainly been seen as an asset to African countries only in terms of remittances. However, the African diaspora population is untapped human capital, underutilized as a source of invest­ment, support and human capital, and a resource for advocacy and political pressure.Anne Kamau and Mwangi S. Kimenyi offer ways for African policymakers to better engage diaspora members in the year ahead. African governments should take the time and effort to know what their diaspora looks like so that they can target it more effectively. African banks should look to diaspora members as potential clients. Also, by building effective and targeted lobbying and advocacy groups, African governments can empower their diaspora in their host countries to influence foreign policies that impact Africa.


Sending money back home beats foreign aid. Good Governance Africa. Diaspora-driven development is the way to go, says Adams Bodomo. The African diaspora is a major source of foreign income—so large that it now outstrips foreign aid sent by Western donors. Nearly 140m Africans live abroad. The money they send back home, remittances, is worth far more—in value and usefulness— than the development donations sent by Western financial institutions. The exact amount of these remittances is unknown because not all of it is sent through official banking channels. But the official volume to the continent has gradually increased over the years, from $11 billion in 2000 to $60 billion in 2012, according to the World Bank. As a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP), remittances in Africa range from next-to-nothing to almost 5%.


African Diaspora Program (ADP) – World Bank

Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD) – Mobilizing Diaspora Resources

Event: Who needs the African Diaspora? Is the Diaspora Politically relevant? Social Media Week, Lagos (Nigeria)

Event: 2013 Global Diaspora Forum


Diaspora Innovators Redefine Brain Drain. Geneive Brown Metzger.  International Diaspora Engagement Alliance. June 26, 2012. Have diaspora innovators actually helped to mitigate many of the negative effects of “brain drain”? Perhaps it is time we exchanged the notion of “brain drain” for the proposition of “brain gain” in light of current trends in diaspora engagement. Immigrants today are reconnecting with their countries of origin more easily and more frequently than they could in the past. This new paradigm warrants a fresh look at the true impact of migration on the social and economic development of emerging and developing nations. Could it be that diaspora movements have helped to mitigate many of the negative effects of “brain drain” experienced by individual countries and that the result is a net gain, rather than a net loss, to countries of origin?


The African Diaspora Policy Centre (The Netherlands)The African Diaspora Policy Centre (ADPC) enables African Diaspora in Europe to connect more closely with the continent as a collective force. The thematic areas are PeacebuildingBetter GovernanceMigration & Development and Brain Gain.


Clinton: Diaspora Populations Can Turn ‘Brain Drain’ into ‘Brain Gain’. Anthony Advincula. Alternet.org. August 9, 2012.

Diaspora Media: Africa’s Missing Link With Its Diaspora. AllAfrica.com. Ola Ogunyemi. February 4, 2013.

Africa and Africans in the Diaspora. Mary A. Akangbe. February 5, 2013.

Can Africa Diaspora Turn Africa Brain Drain into Brain Gain? Paul Omoruyi. Diaspora Scope. November 21, 2012.

NIDAN – Turning Brain Drain Into Brain GainAllAfrica.com. Jideofor Adibe. 6 September 2012. Nigeria Diaspora Alumni Network (NiDAN)

Not a Drain Drain, But a Brain Gain – Diaspora Business. Rave.ac.uk. August 10, 2012.

Brain drain to brain gain: Africa’s returning Diaspora.  Puseletso Nkopane. Consultancy Africa Intelligence. June 4, 2012.

Brain Drain to Brain gain? James MacKinnon. Canadian International Development Platform. May 15, 2012.

Africa to Turn ‘Brain Drain into Brain Gain’. Henry Owuor. The Nation.(Kenya). February 13,  2012.

Africa: Brain Drains in Context. AfricaFocus Bulletin. Feb 10, 2012

Africa Turn ‘Brain Drain Into Brain Gain’Africanglobe.net. February 15, 2012

Diaspora Entrepreneurs: From Brain Drain to Brain Gain. Jonathan Ortmans

Reversing the Brain Drain in Africa. The African Diaspora Policy Centre.

Engaging the Diaspora to Deal with Brain Drain. The World Bank.

Reversing Brain Drain In South Africa And A Turn Towards Brain Gain –  A Draft Concept Paper. University of Texas.

Reversing Africa’s Brain Drain: the AfricaRecruit Initiative and the Challenge to Governments, the Diaspora and the Private Sector. Mohan Kaul. AfricaRecruit.com

South African Diaspora: Brain Drain or Gain? Rhynie Greef. Daily News. November 29, 2011.

From ‘Brain Drain’ to ‘Brain Gain’ – The Diaspora Option. Mobilizing African Diaspora Professional Networks in Europe for Health Sector Human Resource Needs in Sub-Saharan Africa. University of Warwick. 2011.

The New African Diaspora: Engaging the Question of Brain Drain – Brain Gain. Akanmu Adebayo. 2011.

The African “Brain Drain” to the North: Pitfalls and Possibilities. Paul Zeleza. African Issues.

Brain Gain: Skilled Diaspora Return to Africa. Phephelaphi Dube. ConsultancyAfrica.com. September 2, 2010.

Brain Drain to Brain Gain: What are the Implications for Higher Education in Africa? Christopher B. Mugimu. Comparative & International Higher Education 2 (2010).

How Nigeria can turn its brain drain to brain gain – Phillip Emeagwali. Mideno Bayagbon. May 5, 2010

Understanding the Brain-Drain in the African Diaspora: Focusing on Nigeria. Jessica Adefusika. Digital Commons@URI. May 2010.

Brain Drain-Brain Gain: Leveraging the Nigerian Diaspora for the Revitalization of Nigerian Higher Education. Akanmu Adebayo. CVCNigeria.org.  April 14, 2010.

Four Ways Brain Drain out of Africa is a Good Thing. Laura Freschi. February 17, 2010

Letters: So-called brain drain proving a net gain for developing countriesDebo Akande. People who left for Europe and America are now helping their home countries to progress – it’s time to involve them in development policy and planning

Mobilising the Diaspora: UNESCO and HP create a virtual “brain gain” for African and Arab universities. Can brain drain become brain gain? 29 March 2010

Turning brain drain into “brain gain”UNESCO and HP join forces to help universities in Africa and the Middle East.

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For Older Articles, Reports, Etc.: Brain Drain, Brain Gain, Brain Circulation, Diaspora Africans, and Capacity Building in Africa

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