Diaspora Engagement – Resources

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See also: African Diaspora Organizations & InitiativesBrain Drain / Brain Gain

WEBSITES – ORGANIZATIONS & INITIATIVES

Africa Diaspora Marketplace (ADM II)

  • An initiative of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Western Union ] The second African Diaspora Marketplace (ADM II) encourages sustainable economic growth and employment by supporting U.S.-based African Diaspora and other entrepreneurs with demonstrated relevant connections to, or experience in, Africa with innovative and high-impact ideas for start-up and established businesses in Africa. The new Marketplace will incorporate key learning from the first African Diaspora Marketplace, by focusing grants toward priority, high-impact sectors in Africa, including agribusiness, renewable energy, and information and communication technology (ICT).

Diaspora for Development Initiative – United States Agency for International Development (USAID) / Accenture 

African Diaspora Program – World Bank.  Seeks to enable and enhance the human and financial capital contributions of African Diasporas to the economic development of their home countries.

African Diaspora Policy Centre (Netherlands)Enables African Diaspora in Europe to connect more closely with the continent as a collective force. The thematic areas are Peace buildingBetter GovernanceMigration & Development and Brain Gain.

Africa-Europe Platform Partner Organization (AE) – A network of Europe-based African diaspora organizations–initiatives, studies, etc.

Africa-UK – Publications and information on projects/initiatives

African Foundation for Development (AFFORD) (UK) – Publications and information on projects/initiatives

African Global Diaspora Summit 2012

Diaspora-Driven Development Hub – Global Development Professionals NetworkWith remittances more than double overseas development assistance, is it time to more actively engage the diaspora? Diaspora-driven development aims to explore how diaspora groups are gaining more traction as development actors.

International Diaspora Engagement Alliance: IdEA. Promotes and supports diaspora-centered initiatives in entrepreneurship, volunteerism, philanthropy, diplomacy, and social innovation in countries and regions of diaspora origin. Provides information on several initiatives.

Global Diaspora Forum 2013May 13-14, 2013. Under the theme of “Where Ideas Meet Action,” the 2013 GDF provides the platform to discover inspiring stories from prominent diaspora figures in American popular culture, demonstrate exemplary initiatives in international development and diplomacy undertaken by diasporans of all generations, and showcase methods of organization and bridge-building that encourage next-generation diasporans to connect with their countries of heritage.

Global Forum on Migration and Development

High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development – United Nations (3-4 October 2013)

  • The purpose of the High-level Dialogue is to identify concrete measures to strengthen coherence and cooperation at all levels, with a view to enhancing the benefits of international migration for migrants and countries alike and its important links to development, while reducing its negative implications.

Diaspora Matters

Global Migration Group – Diaspora Relations and Contributions

EC-UN Joint Migration and Development Initiative

Global Remittances GuideRemittance trends and patterns worldwide

International Organization for Migration

Migration Policy Institute

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, EVENTS, ETC.

What We Know About Diasporas and Economic Development. Kathleen Newland and Sonia Plaza. Policy Brief. Migration Policy Institute. September 2013.

Diasporas for Development Resource Guide (PDF) / (Word Version). Claire Hoffman/Institute for the Social Analysis of Complex Global Challenges, Willamette University. This resource guide is intended to aid members of the African Diaspora in their efforts to bring resources and skills to their home communities in Africa.

Best Practices for Diaspora OrganizationsNovember 12, 2012. University of London’s Dr. Sebastiana Etzo shares the results of a survey of 55 European-based African diaspora organizations that identified best practices in diaspora development initiatives.

Developing a Road Map for Engaging Diasporas in Development: A Handbook for Policymakers and Practitioners in Home and Host Countries. International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Migration Policy Institute (MPI). 2012.

The African Diaspora in the U.S. and its Interactions with Biodiversity Conservation in AfricaBabacar MBow and Yemeserach Tessema. United States Agency for International Development. June 2012.

Alemayehou: Why the Diaspora is an Increasingly Important Part of OPIC’s client base. A recent cover story in The Economist described immigrant networks as “a rare bright spot in the world economy. Around that same time. OPIC Executive Vice President Mimi Alemayehou addressed a forum at the World Bank about innovative ways to engage the diaspora, where she outlined why members of diaspora communities often made attractive investors in the developing world.The text of her September 14, 2011 remarks…..

Diaspora for Development in Africa. Sonia Plaza and Dilip Ratha (Editors). World Bank. 2011.

Migration for Development: a Bottom-Up Approach. A Handbook for Practitioners and Policymakers. August 2011. EC-UN Joint Migration and Development Initiative. Explores migration and development, more specifically how small-scale actors can contribute in this field. Includes examples of specific projects implemented.

Potential into Practice: The Ethiopian Diaspora Volunteer Program. Tedla W. Giorgis and Aaron Terrazas. Migration Policy Institute. June 2011. This article reviews the experience of the Volunteer Healthcare Corps (VHC) — Ethiopian Diaspora Volunteer Program (EDVP), one innovative effort to mobilize diaspora volunteers to address healthcare capacity needs in their homeland. Specifically, the EDVP identifies, recruits, and places healthcare volunteers from the Ethiopian diaspora to build capacity in Ethiopia for the treatment of HIV/AIDS. Although small, the program has been successful in placing committed volunteers and can offer lessons for similar efforts elsewhere in the world.

Cash & Compassion: The Somali Diaspora’s Role in Relief, Development, and Peacebuilding. Laura Hammond, Mustafa Awad, Ali Ibrahim Dagane, Peter Hansen, Cindy Horst, Ken Menkhaus, and Lynette Obare. United Nations Development Programme. 2011.

Diaspora Bonds: Tapping the Diaspora During Difficult Times. Suhas L. Ketkar and Dilip Ratha. Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy. 2010.

Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development – Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices. International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). 2010.

Mobilizing Diaspora Entrepreneurship for Development. Kathleen Newland and Hiroyuki Tanaka. 2010.

Diasporas as Partners in Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding. Giulia Sinatti et al. African Diaspora Policy Centre. 2010.

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Migration Policy Institute Reports

Voice After Exit: Diaspora AdvocacyKathleen Newland. 2010. Today’s diaspora organizations, communities, and individuals increasingly seek to influence government, media, private sectors, and other prominent groups in their countries of origin and of settlement – but despite their growing voice, success requires smart policy. This report, the sixth in our series on diaspora engagement, provides an overview of diaspora advocacy by looking at five issues: who participates in diaspora advocacy, who or what are the “targets” in these efforts, what means are used to advance these causes, what are the issues on which they focus, and the effectiveness of the efforts. Download Report

Mobilizing Diaspora Entrepreneurship for DevelopmentKathleen Newland and Hiroyuki Tanaka. 2010. Diasporas are in a unique position to have a positive effect on the economy of their countries of origin – the key is for those countries to seize the opportunities. This report, the fifth in a series examining the role of diasporas in development policy, documents how diaspora entrepreneurs often are motivated to contribute to job creation and economic growth in their native lands. But, as the report outlines, many developing countries have met only limited success in attracting diaspora investors and entrepreneurs. The study offers some key findings and policy options. Download Report

Heritage Tourism and Nostalgia Trade: A Diaspora Niche in the Development Landscape. Kathleen Newland and Carylanna Taylor. 2010. Diasporas can play an important role in promoting trade and tourism in their countries of origin, particularly since it is difficult to introduce and establish unfamiliar goods and new tourist destinations in the international market. This report, the fourth in a series examining the role of diasporas in development policy, examines how nostalgia trade and heritage tourism can involve diaspora populations in transactions that ease the integration of their homeland economies into an increasingly connected global economy, while also helping diasporas to maintain their ties to their countries of origin or ancestry. Download Report

Diaspora Philanthropy: Private Giving and Public Policy2010. Kathleen Newland, Aaron Terrazas, and Roberto Munster. This report, the third in a series examining the role of diasporas in development policy, analyzes the evolving role of diaspora philanthropy in countries of origin. The study examines the emergence of nongovernmental development actors and new trends in global philanthropy, such as strategic giving and use of online platforms to harness small donations. It also discusses public policies, in both donor and developing countries, that can encourage or discourage philanthropic giving. Download Report

Connected through Service: Diaspora Volunteers and Global Development2010. Aaron Terrazas. Nearly 1 million US residents spend time volunteering abroad each year, including nearly 200,000 first- and second-generation immigrants. Diasporas often have the connections, knowledge, and personal drive to volunteer outside the framework of organized volunteer programs. But many also volunteer through established programs. As skilled migration and the number of US youth with ancestors in the developing world grow over the coming years, the potential for both skilled diaspora volunteers and youth diaspora volunteers will increase. This report is the second in a series of studies examining the role of diasporas in development policy. Download Report

Diaspora Investment in Developing and Emerging Country Capital Markets: Patterns and Prospects. Aaron Terrazas. Financial flows from migrants and their descendants are at the heart of the relationship between migration and development. There is little doubt that remittances can have important effects on financial development. But they represent only a fraction of the potential private financial flows originating from diasporas, with substantial evidence showing that diasporas hold substantial financial assets beyond their current income — for instance, in savings and retirement accounts, in property, debt, and equity. Remittances tap the incomes of migrants, but this report argues that the greater challenge is to mobilize the wealth of diasporas. Capital markets perform precisely this function, mobilizing savings and channeling them to productive investment. This report is the first in a series of six studies on the role of diasporas in development policy. Download Report

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Committed to the Diaspora: More Developing Countries Setting Up Diaspora Institutions. Dovelyn Agunias. Migration Policy Institute. November 2009.

Diaspora Engagement with Fragile States: Lessons and Prospects. 2009. Discussion sponsored by the World Bank Institute Growth and Crisis Practice (WBIGC) and the African Diaspora Program (ADP). The session is part of the BBL series: ‘How can talent abroad help build institutions at home?’ which is project on migrant talent as key participant of domestic reform coalitions (funded by the MacArthur Foundation).

Exploring the Role of Diasporas in Rebuilding Governance in Post-Conflict SocietiesJennifer M. Brinkerhoff. In: Africa’s Finances: The Contribution of Remittances (Cornell Institute for African Development; 2008).

Diaspora Networks and the International Migration of Skills: How Countries Can Draw on Their Talent Abroad. Edited by Yevgeny Kuznetsov. World Bank. 2006.

Engaging Diasporas: How Governments and Development Agencies Can Support Diaspora Involvement in the Development of Origin Countries. Hein de Haas. June 2006.

Engaging Diasporas as Development Partners for Home and Destination Countries: Challenges for Policymakers. Dina Ionescu. International Organization for Migration. 2006.

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